This article is about the art mouvement
The Nouveau Réalisme Manifesto, signed by all of the original members in Yves Klein’s apartment, 27 October 1960
Nouveau réalisme (New realism) refers to an artistic movement founded in 1960 by the art critic Pierre Restany and the painter Yves Klein during the first collective exposition in the Apollinaire gallery in Milan. Pierre Restany wrote the original manifesto for the group, titled the “Constitutive Declaration of New Realism,” in April 1960, proclaiming, “Nouveau Réalisme—new ways of perceiving the real.” This joint declaration was signed on 27 October 1960, in Yves Klein’s workshop, by nine people: Yves Klein, Arman, Martial Raysse, Pierre Restany, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely and the Ultra-Lettrists, Francois Dufrêne, Raymond Hains, Jacques de la Villeglé; in 1961 these were joined by César, Mimmo Rotella, then Niki de Saint Phalle and Gérard Deschamps. The artist Christo showed with the group.
Contemporaries of American pop art, and often conceived as its transposition in France, new realism was, along with Fluxus and other groups, one of the numerous tendencies of the avant-garde in the 1960s. It was dissolved in 1970.
The first exposition of the nouveaux réalistes took place in November 1960 at the Paris “Festival d’avant-garde.” This exposition was followed by others: in May 1961 at the Gallery J. in Paris; International Exhibition of the New Realists, a survey of contemporary American Pop Art and the Nouveau Réalisme movement at the Sidney Janis Gallery in New York at the end of 1962; and at the Biennale of San Marino in 1963 (which would be the last collective show by the group). The movement had difficulty maintaining a cohesive program after the death of Yves Klein in June, 1962.
Il Nouveau Réalisme è un movimento artistico dei primi anni del decennio 1960-1970, vedono scatenarsi sulla scena delle arti visive movimenti come la Op Art in Europa, la Pop Art negli Stati Uniti, il Nouveau Realisme in Francia. Soprattutto di artisti francesi, che ha per oggetto “materiali desunti dalla realtà, anche quella più banale”, anche rifiuti, che vengono raccolti per esempio in sculture tridimensionali. Il suo critico più importante è Pierre Restany. Autori importanti sono Yves Klein, Jean Tinguely, Martial Raysse, César Baldaccini, Daniel Spoerri, Jacques Villeglé, Christo, Gerard Deschamps, Mimmo Rotella. Questo movimento è collegato al New Dada.